The name Algarve is derived from Arabic "Al-Gharb" meaning "The West". It is the southernmost region of mainland Portugal. 
Tourism and related activities are extensive and make up the bulk of the Algarve's summer economy. 
Fish, seafood and fruit production, which includes oranges, carob beans, figs and almonds, are other important activities in the region. 
The Algarve is the most popular tourist destination in Portugal, and one of the most popular in Europe. Its population triples in the peak holiday season thanks to a high influx of visitors, and receives an average of 7 million foreign tourists each year. In total, including national visitors, almost 10 million people visit the Algarve every year.
The Algarve is a popular destination for tourism, primarily because of its beaches, Mediterranean climate, safety, cuisine, excellent golf and relatively low costs.Algarve's mild climate has attracted interest from Northern Europeans wishing to have a holiday home or residence in the region. 
Being a region of Portugal, and therefore in the European Union, any EU citizen has the right to freely buy property and reside with little formality in the Algarve.British expatriates, followed by German, Dutch, Irish and Scandinavians, are among the largest groups wishing to own a home in this sunny region of Portugal.